Nine people are reported to have lost their lives and six others rescued while 10 are still missing after a boat accident in Pemba yesterday.
The tragedy happened while the boat which is said to be carrying around 30-40 people on their way to a funeral capsized mid-voyage.
Pemba South police commander Richard Thadei confirmed the tragic incident saying the boat which was on its way to Panza island from Chekacheka did not reach its destination.
He, however, said the cause of the accident is yet to be known, ruling out bad weather. The boat’s captain is yet to be located.
“So far nine bodies have been recovered and taken to the Regional Hospital for medical examination so that the process of handing over their families can go ahead,” he said.
“So for now the rescue efforts are being handled by KMKM (Anti-Smuggling Force) and the people but due to the bad weather and darkness we have postponed the work we will continue with it very early in the morning to see if there are any other bodies or survivors,” he said.
In November, Tanzania started a new round of talks with Equinor and Shell to agree a framework for the mooted liquefied natural gas (LNG) project in Lindi Region. Also in November, a floating LNG facility started its voyage from South Korea to Mozambique’s offshore Area 4. Total’s Senior Vice-President Africa Henry-Max Ndong Nzues expressed guarded satisfaction with operations against the insurgents in Cabo Delgado, though stopped short of resuming project development. On 25 November, Mozambique launched its Sixth Licensing Round, with five of 16 offshore blocks being off Cabo Delgado province. All these projects have varying timelines but will inevitably affect the security situation on both sides of the border for years to come.
On 8 November, talks concerning a host government agreement for Tanzania’s LNG project officially re-commenced with energy companies. Though the aim of completing the talks by May 2022 is unlikely to be met and a final investment decision is likely a long way off — and may never come — heightened activity can be expected in Lindi town, the future site of the LNG plant, and Mtwara town, a base for any future offshore developments of the southerly Shell operated fields. Much of this will be positive, particularly for Tanzanian private sector investment. Yet, recent history has some lessons for how such activity may be received locally, and its potential impact on political violence.
In January and May 2013, in Mtwara, Tanzania experienced its greatest outbreak of civil unrest since the Majimaji rebellion over 100 years before. In December 2012 and January 2013, mass demonstrations were held to protest a proposed natural gas pipeline, under the slogan “Gesi Haitoki Mtwara” (the gas is not leaving Mtwara). The demonstrations were led by some Mtwara NGOs, local branches of opposition political parties, and religious leaders both Christian and Muslim. The demonstrations were followed by seemingly organized violence across Mtwara Region.
Clashes in January saw politicians’ homes, a prison, government and ruling party offices, and government vehicles attacked. Mtwara town, Tandahimba, and Masasi were all affected. Clashes occurred again in May after the presentation in parliament of the budget for the Ministry of Energy and Minerals. This led to the deployment of troops in Mtwara town.
Current state concerns about security in the region stem from the violence of that period. The government believed that the 2013 violence was instigated for political reasons, and reacted accordingly. The then-member of parliament for Mtwara Urban was charged with incitement, while a Tanzania People’s Defence Force commander pointed the finger at religious leaders, motorcycle taxi drivers, and city businessmen, accusing them of organizing the violence. Less publicly, informants in Mtwara town have spoken of Salafist elements having had a hand in the violence.
The lesson for 2021 and beyond is that the use of violence in response to LNG development is not restricted to extremists. Shell’s natural gas reserves lie close to Mtwara town. Shell and its subcontractors will need to expand their presence in order to develop the reserves, which requires significant infrastructure development. The impact in Lindi will of course be greater if the LNG plant goes ahead. Project benefits will need to be cannily distributed, and rents will need to be managed in politically sensitive ways.
The security risks in Cabo Delgado are of course more acute. Total suspended operations on its Mozambique LNG project in April 2021 following the attack in March on Palma town by the insurgents, a decision that has contributed to further delays to the ExxonMobil-led Rovuma LNG project. This followed the withdrawal of staff from the project in the face of an insurgent attack in January on Quitunda, which is beside the project site. The attack highlighted France’s strategic interests in at least containing the insurgency to allow the project to go ahead. Rwanda’s success in securing the enclave of Palma town and the neighboring LNG site, while fighting continues across Cabo Delgado and Niassa provinces, confirms for some Rwanda’s role as a proxy for French interests.
The January and March attacks on Quitunda and Palma saw IS propagandists cite France as exploiting Muslim communities, in one case comparing Mozambican gas to West African gold. If Rwandan and Mozambican forces are successful in securing Palma and the Afungi peninsula as an enclave, and resume Mozambique LNG, France may find itself increasingly tied to the project’s security risks. Given Total’s interests in Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, and Tanzania, France will undoubtedly continue to exert its influence on security matters across the region.
In the longer term, Mozambique’s 6th Licensing Round too has the potential to drive extremist narratives for years to come, if it is successful. The round, launched in November, will close in October 2022. Three offshore blocks lie off Chiure, Pemba, Quissanga, Ibo, and Macomia districts. Their development will depend on the province’s long term security, or failing that, the development of an expanded coastal enclave. The model that Mozambique pursues to manage the security risks around LNG development — and the success of that model — will have major economic and governance implications on both sides of the Ruvuma. If Mozambique LNG development cannot survive the political upheaval that has grown in its wake, Tanzania is likely to take a much more repressive approach to its own LNG projects.
Mwanza. Police in Mwanza are investigating circumstances that led to the death of a member of the opposition Chadema, Erasto Makaranga.
Erasto Makaranga, who was the opposition party’s publicity secretary for Buswelu ward, went missing on November 17, 2021.
His colleagues in the party, friends and family members went on searching for his whereabouts for four days until on Saturday, November 20, 2021 when they came to discover that he had passed on and that his remains were being kept at a mortuary at the Sekou Toure Regional Referral Hospital.
The Mwanza Regional Police Commander, Mr Ramadhani Ng’anzi, told The Citizen on Monday that detectives had already been deployed at Buswelu in an effort to find out what actually happened.
Some more detectives, he said, had been deployed to Sekou Toure Hospital for a thorough autopsy.
“Our officers are still at the scene collecting evidence for further investigations. I urge the public to remain calm as we investigate the cause of the death and the findings will be revealed to the public,” he said.Advertisement
Earlier, the family spokesperson, Benjamin Makaranga said the family had planned to lay the body of Erasto Makaranga to rest on Monday, 22 November 2021.
However, an attempt to collect the body for burial hit the snag after police officers arrived at Sekou Toure to conduct an autopsy.
“We arrived this morning at the region’s referral hospital but we have been stopped by officers who say they want to conduct a post-mortem before allowing us to take it for burial,” said Mr Benjamin, who is the elder brother of the deceased.
According to the deceased’s sister, Macrina Makaranga, as soon as they had discovered that one of them was missing, they reported to a police post at Nyakato.
With several days passing without receiving any help from the law enforcers, the family decided to start searching in hospitals whereby they went to Bugando Referral Hospital before going to Sekou Toure where they found his body.
“His body looked to have been injured in some parts including in the head and his left hand,” Ms Macrina said.
CAIRO – 10 November 2021: Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi reiterated Egypt’s full support to the implementation of the Julius Nyerere dam project, saying it achieves the aspirations of the brotherly Tanzanian people for a better life.
In a press conference in Cairo on Wednesday with his Tanzanian counterpart, Samia Hassan, Sisi said the dam project represents a model of Egypt’s support to the rights of the Nile Basin countries in achieving optimum use of water resources in a way that does not negatively affect the rights and resources of other countries.
“I affirm full support to the implementation of the Julius Nyerere dam project to ensure the best performance levels and construction standards so that the dam becomes a pioneering model and symbol of cooperation and friendship between Egypt, Tanzania and all sisterly African countries,” Sisi said.
The Egyptian president said he discussed with Hassan a number of regional and international issues of mutual concern as well as the developments regarding the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) crisis with Sudan and Ethiopia.
GERD represents an “existential issue that affects the lives of millions of Egyptians,” Sisi said.
Sisi said he affirmed during the discussions with Hassan the need to reach a legally-binding agreement that regulates the filling and operation of the dam based on the international law rules and the outcome of the UN Security Council in this regard.
This should be “away from any unilateral approach that seeks to impose fait accompli and ignore the basic rights of peoples,” Sisi said, affirming that Egypt views the River Nile as a source of cooperation and development and life line for all Nile Basin countries.
Sisi expressed appreciation of the bilateral relations with Tanzania based on a “joint political will” that seeks to preserve and develop these ties in various fields during the coming period.
He added that his discussions with Hassans were “fruitful” and reflected mutual understanding and coordination on a number of bilateral and regional issues of mutual concern.
“Our political will has agreed on launching a new phase of strategic relations gathering the two countries and building on the important achievments witnessed by these relations during the past years,” Sisi said.
The Egyptian president said he affirmed during the discussions Egypt’s support to Tanzanian developmental plans to achieve progress and development for Tanzania.
“I also affirm Egypt’s readiness for cooperation regarding transferring Egyptian expertise, securing technical assistance, and enhancing building capabilities of Tanzanian national cadres, through providing training courses,” Sisi said.
He added that many Egyptian bodies provide these training courses to Tanzania, on top of which is the Egyptian Agency of Partnership for Development.
“We agreed on the importance of optimum exploitation of our resources to serve the interests of the two countries through boosting trade exchange rates,” Sisi said, saying Egypt hopes that trade between Egypt and Tanzania increase during the coming period.
During the presser, Hassan said her visit has provided an “opportunity to enhance our bonds … which are built on a very solid foundation by our founding fathers” Nyerere and Nasser.
Hassan said she discussed with Sisi bilateral, regional, continental and global issues of mutual concern, including diplomatic, political, economic, and social ties, progress on the construction of the Julius Nyerere Dam and the need of enhancing cooperation in trade, education, sports, tourism.
“Upon (the dam) completion we’re expecting it’s going to produce 2115 mw of electricity,” Hassan said.
Hassan said she and Sisi reaffirmed satisfaction in the historic longstanding excellent relations with Egypt.
In regard to peace and security, Hassan said she informed Sisi that Tanzania continues to enjoy peace, stability and tranquility in all fields of life, including political, economic, social and cultural fields.
“This situation has provided an opportunity for the government to focus its efforts to strengthen economy and improve social services,” she said.
Hassan said the Tanzanian government appreciates the longstanding technical assistance provided by the government of Egypt through the various areas of cooperation.
She added that Egypt’s support to Tanzania in the education sector has played a vital role in building capacity, and increasing knowledge, skills and expertise
Concerning economic cooperation, Hassan called for Egyptian investors to explore opportunities in Tanzania, vowing that her government will provide the necessary facilitation for those willing to invest in the country.
“Tanzanian economy, like many other economies, succumbed to the effects of the covid pandemic. In order to revive our economy, we have introduced several packages in our key sectors affected by pandemic such as tourism and we expect to fairly grow economically,” Hassan said.
She added that the Tanzanian GDP is expected to grow by 4.6 this year and next year.
Tanzania welcomes investors from Egypt to come and explore investment opportunities in Tanzania in areas of livestock, agriculture sector, tourism and hospitality, pharmaceuticals, transportation, mining and manufacturing industries.
“My government will render the necessary facilitation to the Egyptian business community wishing to invest into business in the country,” she said.
On defense and security, Hassan said Egypt and Tanzania share mutual concern for peace and security at regional and global level.
She thanked Egypt for the continuous support in providing capacity building to the Tanzanian military personnel.
She added that discussions with Sisi also affirmed the need to further enhance cooperation by exchanging of expertise in peacekeeping and the fight against terrorism.
She hailed late Egyptian President Gamal Abdel-Nasser and Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere as “revolutionaries” who shared several views regarding Africa collaboration.
These two leaders were revolutionaries who shared several views on Africa collaboration and unity as well as struggle for global quality, justice system and economic emancipation of the African continent and people of Africa, she added.
Summary 👉 In 2019, Tanzania became the second country in the EAC, after Rwanda, to withdraw the right of individuals and non-governmental organisations to directly access the African Court. Rwanda withdrew in 2016. 👉 Of the 55 AU member states, 31 have ratified the protocol establishing the continental court. 👉 Tanzania has the highest number of cases filed by individuals and NGOs, at 156 applications, as well as judgments issued against it by the African Court.
Tanzania has come under continental scrutiny for withdrawing from the African Court on Human and People’s Rights, which it hosts in Arusha.
In 2019, Tanzania became the second country in the EAC, after Rwanda, to withdraw the right of individuals and non-governmental organisations to directly access the African Court. Rwanda withdrew in 2016.
At the conference on the Implementation and Impact of Decisions of the African Court on Human and People’s Rights’ held last week in Dar es Salaam, participants observed that 15 years after the court was established, it is facing major challenges.
The court’s president Justice Imani Aboud, a Tanzanian, said that almost all its decisions are not enforced. Only six of the founding member states recognise its jurisdiction.
“This does not honour Africa, it does not honour member states of the African Union, it does not honour the African Court and Africans,” Justice Aboud said.
The Court was established in June 1998, with the protocol coming into force on January 25, 2004.
Of the 55 AU member states, 31 have ratified the protocol establishing the continental court. Of the 31, only six — Burkina Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Mali, Malawi and Tunisia — have deposited a declaration recognising the competence of the Court to receive cases directly from NGOs and individuals.
On November 14, 2019, Tanzania’s then Foreign Affairs minister Palamagamba Kabudi signed a notice of withdrawal, and deposited it with the African Union Commission on November 21, 2019. The withdrawal took effect on November 22, 2020. But, after the death of president John Magufuli in March, President Samia Suluhu’s administration declared that Tanzania had not exited.
Liberata Mulamula, the current Foreign Affairs minister, said that the country wanted its citizens to first exhaust the local court processes before proceeding to the African Court.
“We have not withdrawn from the court. That is why Tanzania is still the headquarters of the court. We cannot withdraw and still host the court’s headquarters,” she added.
Her sentiments were later echoed by Vice President Philip Mpango.
“Tanzania hasn’t withdrawn from the African Court. Instead, the country has withdrawn from the Declaration made under Article 34 (6) of the Protocol on the African Charter for the Establishment of the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights, which permits individuals and non-government organisations to directly access the court,” he told delegates.
Dar es Salaam. The Legal and Human Rights Centre (LHRC), Tanzania Albinism Association (TAA) and the Tanzania Human Rights Defenders Coalition (THRDC) have condemned exhumation of the body of a 5-year old albino, Heri Kijangwa, on October 24 this year.
The incident reportedly took place at Tanda Village in Lushoto District, Tanga Region where unknown people dug up the grave, cut off his right leg and took it away.
This is the second such incident this year. Between May 3 and 4, it was reported that the body of another five-year old albino child was found with both hands cut off in Nondo Village, Uyui District.
Speaking to journalists in the city, LHRC Executive Director Anna Henga said this was all most sad dening.
She said it was a violation of human rights and human dignity, according to the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania and international human rights treaties.
“With great sadness, we strongly condemn these incidents. It is a fact that, fear, anxiety and doubt in people with albinism has begun to return.
“We urge the government and the police force to ensure that this case does not end at the level of investigation instead all the suspects should be brought to justice and severe punishment meted out.”
TAS Secretary Mussa Kabimba said in the past four years the incidents had ended and called on the government to put in place effective strategies to improve security and safety.
“We see the need for a concerted efforts and a comprehensive strategy to improve security and safety and to address these issues.
“Where the government is failing to address and investigate it may be the reason for these incidents to start again, ”said Mr Kabimba.
Programme oofficer from THRDC Perpetua Senkoro called on the government to make public the perpetrators of these incidents and take stern action against them.